Kuala Lumpur International Airport

From Wikipedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Template:Other uses Template:Use dmy dates Template:Infobox airport

Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) Template:Airport codes is Malaysia's main international airport and is also one of the major airports of South East Asia, giving it huge, even multinational, catchment area. It is about Template:Convert from Malaysia's capital, Kuala Lumpur. The airport is in the Sepang district of southern Selangor state. KLIA's construction cost RM8.5 billion or US$3.5 billion.<ref name="KLIA History">Template:Cite web</ref>

The airport can currently handle 35 million passengers and 1.2 million tonnes of cargo a year. In 2010, it handled 34,087,636 passengers; in 2011 it handled 669,849 metric tonnes of cargo. It was ranked the 14th busiest airport in the world by international passenger traffic, and is the 5th busiest international airport in Asia. It was ranked the 29th busiest airport by cargo traffic in 2010.<ref name="Cargo Volume">Template:Cite webTemplate:Dead link</ref> The Bernama News Agency reported a modest growth in traffic in the first six months of 2011, with an almost 13% increase from 16.2 million to 18.3 million passengers.

The airport is operated by Malaysia Airports (MAHB) Sepang Sdn Bhd and is the major hub of Malaysia Airlines, MASkargo, AirAsia, AirAsia X and Department of Civil Aviation (DCA)




The Main Terminal Building of KLIA from side
File:KLIA Main terminal.JPG
KLIA Main terminal architecture

The ground breaking ceremony for Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) took place on 1 June 1993 when the government decided that the existing Kuala Lumpur International Airport, officially then known as Subang International Airport (now Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport) could not handle future demand. The 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia's Yang Amat Berbahagia Dato Seri Tun Doctor Mahathir Bin Mohamad instigated the project as part of the development of the Multimedia Super Corridor a grand development plan for the nation.

Upon KLIA's completion, Subang International Airport's Terminal 1 building was demolished. Malaysia Airports agreed to redevelop the remaining Terminal 3 to create Subang International Airport a specialist airport for turboprop and charter planes surrounded by a residential area and a business park.

The IATA airport code KUL was inherited from Subang International Airport, which currently handles only turboprop aircraft, general aviation and military aircraft. Subsequently, Subang International Airport's IATA code was changed to SZB.

Current Site

The airport's site spans 100 km2,<ref name="KLIA History"/> of former agricultural land and is one of the world's largest airport sites. An ambitious three-phase development plan anticipates KLIA to have five runways and two terminals each with two satellite terminals.<ref name="KLIA Phases"/> Phase One involved the construction of the main terminal and one satellite terminal, giving a capacity of 25 million passengers, and two full service runways. The Phase One airport had sixty contact piers, twenty remote parking bays with eighty aircraft parking positions, four maintenance hangars and fire stations. Phase Two, designed to increase capacity to 35 million passengers per year is largely complete. Phase Three is anticipated to increase capacity to 100 million passengers per year.<ref name="KLIA Phases">Template:Cite web</ref>

Grand Opening

Kuala Lumpur International Airport was officially inaugurated by the 10th Yang di-Pertuan Agong's Duli Yang Maha Mulia Almarhum Tuanku Ja'afar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman on 27 June 1998 at 20:30 MST as moment of reckoning as the new airport it sparkling like a fairyland and visible from as far as 15-kilometre away of beckoned the 1500-spectators who came to witness in 25,000-workers a 24-hours in daily built the airport within 7-years at opening a week ahead of Hong Kong International Airport it was officially closing ceremonies by the 10th Yang di-Pertuan Agong's Duli Yang Maha Mulia Almarhum Tuanku Ja'afar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman based in Subang 3-days later on 30 June 1998 in time for the 1998 Commonwealth Games. The first domestic arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1263 from Kuantan (Kuantan Airport) at 07:10 MST. The first international arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH188 from Malé International Airport at 07:30 MST. The first domestic departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1432 to Langkawi (Langkawi International Airport) at 07:20 MST; the first international departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH84 to Beijing (Beijing Capital International Airport) at 09:00 MST.<ref name="KLIA Inaugration">Template:Cite web</ref>


Check-in counters
File:KLIA Jungle boardwalk fountain.JPG
The Jungle boardwalk fountain

The inauguration of the airport was marked with problems. Aerobridge and bay allocation systems broke down, queues built up throughout the airport and baggage handling broke down. Bags were lost and there were waits of over five hours.<ref name="LKS">Template:Cite web</ref> Most of these issues were remedied eventually, though baggage handling system was plagued with problems until it was put up for a complete replacement tender in 2007.

The airport suffered greatly reduced traffic with the general reduction in economic activity brought about by the East Asian financial crisis, SARS, bird flu epidemic (Avian flu), the global financial crisis and the swine flu pandemic. 1998 saw a reduction of passenger numbers some airlines, including All Nippon Airways, British Airways, Lufthansa (later reinstated) and Northwest Airlines, terminated their loss making services to KLIA. KLIA's first full year of operations in 1999, in its Phase One manifestation (capacity of 25 million passengers per year), saw only 13.2 million passengers.<ref name="KLIA Passengers Up">Template:Cite news</ref> Passenger numbers eventually increased to 21.1 million in 2004 and 23.2 million in 2005 — though short of the originally estimated 25 million passengers per year by 2003.

Operations and infrastructure


Passenger terminal buildings
Totals (current) (After LCCT Relocation)
Floor area 514,694 m2 692,627 m²
Handling capacity 40 million passengers 70 million passengers
Parking bays 46 (aerobridge)
68 (contact)
21 (remote)
LCCT Relocation Plan yet to be unveiled
Main Terminal Building 1 & Contact Pier
Opened 27 June 1998 (operational)
Floor area 336,000 m2
Handling capacity 5 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 20 (aerobridge)
23 (remote)
Satellite Terminal A
Opened 27 June 1998 (operational)
Floor area 143,404 m2
Handling capacity 20 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 26 (aerobridge)
15 (remote)
Low Cost Carrier Terminal
Opened 23 March 2006 (operational)
Floor area 35,290 m2
Handling capacity 15 million
Parking bays 30
KLIA 2<ref>Template:Cite news Template:Dead link</ref>
Opening on April 2013
Floor area 242,000 m2</small>
Handling capacity 45 million
Parking bays 68
Bunga Raya Complex
Opened 27 June 1998 (official)
Floor area
Handling capacity
Parking bays 1

KLIA features a number of modern design features that assist in efficient operation of the airport. It is one of the first Asia Pacific airports to become 100% BCBP (Bar Coded Boarding Pass) capable – one of several IATA Simplifying the Business (StB) projects now live at the airport in collaboration with Malaysian Airlines and SITA.<ref> Template:Cite news </ref> AirAsia, a Malaysian passenger airline;<ref>Chan Tien Hin. "AirAsia Has Record Drop on Loss, Analyst Downgrade." Bloomberg L.P.. 1 December 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2009.</ref> MASkargo, a cargo airline;<ref>"Location Map." MASkargo. Retrieved 22 February 2010. "Malaysia Airlines Cargo Sdn. Bhd. 1M, Zone C, Advanced Cargo Centre KLIA Free Commercial Zone, Southern Support Zone Kuala Lumpur International Airport 64000 Sepang Selangor, Malaysia "</ref> and Malaysia Airports, the Malaysian Airport authority; are headquartered on the property of KLIA.<ref>"Contact Information." Malaysia Airports. Retrieved 23 May 2011. "Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad Malaysia Airports Corporate Office, Persiaran Korporat KLIA, 64000 KLIA, Sepang, Selangor."</ref> Malaysia Airlines operates its Flight Management Building at KLIA.<ref>"Contact." Malaysia Airlines. Retrieved on 31 October 2012. "MAS Golden Boutiques Sdn. Bhd. 1st Floor, MAS Flight Management Building 64000 Sepang, Kuala Lumpur International Airport Selangor, Malaysia"</ref>


The Passenger Terminal Complex (PTC) was built with an emphasis on allowing natural light into the building. Thus, there is a huge expanse of glass throughout the building, and the spectacular roof has cut-outs for natural light to filter in. The PTC comprises three buildings – the Main Terminal Building, the Satellite Building and the Contact Pier. Besides the 80-room hotel at the Satellite Building, there is a 450-room 5-star Pan Pacific KLIA hotel a 10-minute (indoor) walk away. Shopping spots are available in an area encompassing 85,000 square metres. Currently, the retail space at the Kuala Lumpur International Airport stands at Template:Convert. The airport operator plans to increase the retail space to Template:Convert, an 62.2% increase in retail space. Malaysia Airports's retail arm Eraman will boost retail shops to 277 from 242 and add more food and beverage outlets to 99 from 88 presently.<ref name="MAHB retail">Template:Cite web Template:Dead link</ref>

As there are international flights operating out from the airport, therefore terminals of the airport are equipped with immigration processing facilities and security scanning for all passengers including domestic passengers. The Satellite terminal handles most of the international flights, while the main terminal building's contact pier handles domestic traffic, regional international flights and international flights routed to other hubs within Malaysia. Malaysia Airlines operate from both terminals, where main terminal building's contact pier is their preferred terminal for domestic flights. Conversely, low cost carries such as AirAsia Group of Airlines, Tiger Airways and Cebu Pacific operates domestic and international flights out of the low cost carrier terminal.<ref>Template:Cite news</ref>

The initial passenger growth was below average due to Asian Financial Crisis and the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic in 2003 and the airport failed to reach its target capacity of 25 million passengers per annum (before the inclusion of low cost carrier terminal) by 2004. However, the recovery of Malaysia's economy boosted Kuala Lumpur International Airport's passenger movements, and the airport saw significant growth in traffic, hitting the 25 million passenger mark in 2007. In January 2008, the airport saw a growth of 8.3% in aircraft movements and 7.7% in passenger traffic to 2.17 million in January 2008 from 2.02 million in the same period last year.<ref name="KLIA Jan Growth">Template:Cite web Template:Dead link</ref>

Main terminal building and contact pier

Malaysian Airlines at Contact Pier

The Main terminal building or Terminal 1 is located in between the two runways. The floor area of the terminal covers 336,000 square metres and the building consists of 39 square roof units, which enables future expansion of the building. There are a total of 216 check-in counters, located in 6 different islands, identified by the letters A – M (excluding I). Multi check-in services are available, designed for the use of all passengers arriving, departing or in transit. On 2 February 2007, Malaysia Airports introduces 12 integrated self check-in kiosks (CUSS) for passengers. The first airline to use that system is KLM.<ref name="KLIA SITA SCI">Template:Cite web</ref> A further 24 kiosks will be added later by the airport operator<ref name="Further 24 SITA CUSS">Template:Cite web Template:Dead link</ref><ref name="KLIA CUSS">Template:Cite web</ref>

The contact pier is the rectangular-shaped terminal that is connected to the Main Terminal Building. It serves as the domestic terminal for Malaysia Airlines. Some international flights are handled there as well. Previously it used to cater to low-cost carriers' passengers. At the north side of the pier, it can only accommodate narrow-bodied aircraft. In contrast, the south side of the contact pier can accommodate Boeing 737 and Boeing 747 or similar sized aircraft.

The Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad derives 65% of its total annual revenue from non-aeronautical sources, with 35% from commercial space rental and a percentage of sale receipts Template:Citation needed. There were plans to increase and maximize the Main Terminal Building's and Contact Pier's retail area however, the plan was postponed due to Visit Malaysia Year 2007.<ref name="KLIA to be expanded">Template:Cite web</ref>

The gates in Main Terminal Building's contact pier has alphabet prefix of A and B for domestic flights, and G and H for international flights.

Satellite terminal A

Interior of the Satellite Terminal

The Template:Convert satellite building accommodates international flights departing and arriving at KLIA. Passengers have to travel to the satellite building via the Aerotrain. There is a wide array of duty-free shops and prestige brand boutiques in the satellite building. This includes international brands such as Burberry, Harrods, Montblanc, Salvatore Ferragamo and recently, Mango has opened its first boutique at an airport in the Asian region. Among all international labels available within the terminal, some boutiques such as Harrods are only available in the airport. Liquor and perfumes are particularly popular, accounting for over half of total retail sales, followed by watches and tobacco productsTemplate:Citation needed. A number of restaurants and international airlines' lounges are available as well as an Airside Transit Hotel.

Within the terminal, wireless internet (Wifi) is provided free of charge. The terminal also has prayer rooms, showers and massage service. Various lounge areas are provided, some including children's play areas and movie lounge, broadcasting movie and sport channels such as HBO, MAX, ESPN, STAR World, STAR Sports, AXN and FOX Movies Premium.<ref name="KLIA Wifi">Template:Cite web</ref> The terminal also features a natural rainforest in the middle of the terminal, exhibiting the Malaysian forests.

Template:Multiple image Under Malaysia Airports Berhad retail optimisation plan, the retail space in satellite terminal A will be further optimized to increase its revenue derived from commercial space rental and a percentage of sale receipts to 50% by year 2010 which currently stands at 35%. Some notable improvements that will be seen after the refurbishments will be the Jungle Boardwalk which will be the first of its kind in the world and larger mezzanine floor to accommodate F&B outlets and viewing galleries.<ref name="KLIA Optimize">Template:Cite web</ref>

The gates in Satellite Terminal A have the prefix C.The Satellite A terminal has 27 boarding gates altogether.

Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT)

Template:Multiple image

The Low cost carrier terminal (LCCT) was opened at Kuala Lumpur International Airport to cater to the growing passengers of the low cost airlines, especially the passengers of Malaysia's "no-frills" airline, AirAsia.

Prior to its operation as a terminal for low cost airlines, the LCCT was used for cargo purposes. It is intended that it will return to this usage once the new budget terminal of the KLIA 2 is opened in October 2012.<ref name="LCCT Usage">Template:Cite web</ref>

The 35,290 square-meter terminal is designed and built to suit the low cost carrier business model that requires only basic terminal amenities. In order to offer lower landing fees, handling fees and airport taxes, it cuts back on amenities such as aerobridges, rail connectivity, elaborate physical structures and decorations in the passenger terminal building. There is no transfer facility to the main terminal. Passengers who need to make transfers need to clear immigration, collect their luggage, clear customs, make their way to the main terminal and re-checkin with the respective airline.

LCCT is located on the opposite side of the apron from the Main Terminal Building, near the air cargo area. By road, LCCT is about 20 km from the Main Terminal Building. The 'terminal' name is somewhat of a misnomer, as it has caused controversy and confusion, many passengers have missed flights expecting it to be linked with KLIA, when, in fact, it acts as a de facto separate airport.

However, the current Low Cost Carrier Terminal is a temporary solution for the increasing demand of no-frills airline passengers. Therefore, Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad has incorporated the plans to build a new permanent LCC terminal which can accommodate 30 million passengers per year.<ref name="New LCCT">Template:Cite news</ref> In the mean time, the airport operator decided to expand the current terminal to keep up with the increasing demand. The new arrival hall was first open on 15 December 2008.<ref name="New LCCT Wing Open 15 December" /> This airport was the first airport to have separation between normal carriers and low cost carrier.

The terminal is due to be replaced by the new low cost carriers terminal, KLIA2 when the terminal comes online on April 2013.

The gates in LCCT have alphabet prefix of P for domestic departures and T for international departures.

KL City Air Terminal

KL City Air Terminal, sometimes known as Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal or KL CAT located at KL Sentral is a virtual extension of KL International Airport where city check-in services are provided. KL City Air Terminal is recognized by International Air Transport Association which carries IATA designation XKL. Currently there are only 4 airlines providing city check-in services, they are Cathay Pacific, Emirates Airline, Malaysia Airlines and Royal Brunei Airlines. However, the situation is due to be changed as 10 SITA's AirportConnect CUTE (Common Use Terminal Equipment) were installed on 10 check-in desks in KL CAT that enables all airlines to offer city check-in service for their passengers.<ref>All Airlines can now offer city check-in in KL SentralTemplate:Dead link</ref> Apart from providing check-in services, the virtual terminal operator, Express Rail Link Sdn Bhd which operates KLIA Express is planning to roll out baggage check-out service in January 2008 whereby passengers only collect their baggage and declare taxable items in Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal.<ref>KL Sentral to offer check out baggage service</ref> Template:-

Airlines and destinations


Template:Airport destination list

Note 1: Template:Ref Although Air Mauritius's flight from Kuala Lumpur to Mauritius makes a stop in Singapore; Air Mauritius does not have traffic rights to transport passengers solely between Kuala Lumpur and Singapore.

File:Air Routes from KLIA.PNG
Cities with direct air connections with Kuala Lumpur


Template:Airport destination list



Template:Col-begin Template:Col-2-of-2

Busiest International Flights Out of Kuala Lumpur International Airport by Frequency
Rank Destinations Frequency (Weekly)
1 20px Singapore 230
2 20px Jakarta 110
3 20px Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 106
4 20px Ho Chi Minh City 67
5 20px Denpasar/Bali 66
6 20px Hong Kong 63
7 20px Medan 47
8 20px Taipei 45
9 20px Surabaya 42
9 20px Guangzhou 42
9 20px Phuket 42
12 20px Chennai 35
12 20px Melbourne 35
14 20px Bandung 28
14 20px Dhaka 28
14 20px Dubai 28
17 20px Bandar Seri Begawan 25
18 20px Manila 24
19 20px Shanghai 21
19 20px Seoul 21
19 20px Macau 21
19 20px Tokyo-Narita/Tokyo-Haneda 21
19 20px Hanoi 21


Busiest Domestic Flights Out of Kuala Lumpur International Airport by Frequency
Rank Destinations Frequency (Weekly)
1 20px Kuching 195
2 20px Kota Kinabalu 179
3 20px Penang 133
4 20px Langkawi 85
5 20px Kota Bahru 73
6 20px Sibu 63
7 20px Tawau 56
8 20px Miri 42
9 20px Sandakan 40
10 20px Kuala Terengganu 38


Ground transportation

Inter-terminal transportation

File:KLIA Aerotrain2.jpg
Aerotrain station in Satellite Building

The main terminal and its satellite are well connected by an automated people mover (called Aerotrain). Each 250-person capacity train can transport 3,000 passengers per hour in each direction at up to 56 km/h (35 mph). These three-car driverless trains run every five minutes on elevated rail and under the taxiways. The journey takes under two minutes.

Transport between the Main Terminal and the LCCT requires a 20 km road journey, regularly plied by buses, though the government announced in November 2006 the approval in principle of a rail link between the Main Terminal and the LCCT. Construction was initially postponed until the LCCT was fully constructed (2010) and is still yet to commence.

On 25 November 2008, the train manufacturer and airport operator agreed to the 45 million euro addition of 3 new vehicles and a spur line to a new Operations, Maintenance and Storage Facility worth. The new system was expected to be fully functional by 2011.<ref>Template:Cite newsTemplate:Dead link</ref>


Main articles: KLIA Express, KLIA Transit, KLIA ERL station, KL Sentral

Kuala Lumpur International Airport can be reached by the KLIA Express and the KLIA Transit train services. KLIA Express provides a non-stop express train service to the KL City Air Terminal (KL CAT) which has an IATA designation XKL, part of the Kuala Lumpur Sentral transportation hub in Kuala Lumpur. The non-stop trip between Kuala Lumpur and KLIA is 57 kilometers and takes exactly 28 minutes. Passengers departing from KL CAT can check in their luggage for flights on Emirates, Cathay Pacific, Royal Brunei Airlines and Malaysia Airlines. Whereas KLIA Transit is a high-speed commuter train service linking Kuala Lumpur Sentral, and the Kuala Lumpur International Airport ERL station. It shares the same tracks as the KLIA Express but with stops at three intermediate stations. Check-in facilities are not available at KLIA Transit stations. Passengers to/from Low Cost Carrier Terminal can reach KLIA ERL station by boarding the Feeder Bus provided,such as Skybus and Aerobus.

Another important feature at KLIA is the Aerotrain. The Aerotrain is completely automated and shuttles passengers between the main terminal building and satellite building. There are many benefits that the Aerotrain offers such as the short journey time, simplicity and fail-safe operation, and resistance against breakdown. The train system uses pneumatic rubber-typed wheels to provide comfort for the passengers riding on the train. The Tracked Transit System (TTS) connects to two stations. One station is in the center of the contact pier’s International level and one that is close to the center of the satellite terminal’s departure/arrival level. The TTS transports passengers over an elevated guideway that is 4,219 feet. It travels under the taxiways between the main terminal and satellite buildings. The Aerotrain operates between three to five-minute intervals between terminal buildings. The total round trip time takes five minutes and five seconds with a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour. There are two three-car trains that are able to handle 5,805 passengers per hour each direction. Each train-car has a maximum capacity of 83 passengers. Automatic train control manages the operation of the entire Aerotrain system. They are in control of vehicle speeds, headways, stops and door opening in stations. They are able to integrate all functions that enhance the reliability and performance of the systems<ref name="Kiat.net: Kuala Lumpur International">Template:Cite web</ref>

Taxis and limousine

Airport taxis or airport limousines are provided by Airport Limo. The taxis and limousines are readily available at the Taxi and Limousine counters. They run from airport itself to destinations in Klang Valley and Greater Klang Valley. The fares are to be paid at the counter and are charged according to the destinations' zone. A surcharge is applied for services between 12 am to 5 am


Both public and private buses connect KLIA to several points in Kuala Lumpur and beyond.

From Main Terminal

Airport Coach:

  • To KL Sentral. Fare RM 10.00. Frequency every 30 minutes with less frequency past midnight.

From Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT)


  • To KL Sentral. Fare RM 9.00. Frequency every 30 minutes with less frequency past midnight.
  • To Bandar Utama. Fare RM 15.00. 12 departures per day starting at 05.45 am with the last departure at 07.45 pm.


  • To KL Sentral. Fare RM 8.00. Frequency every 30 minutes with less frequency past midnight.
  • To Genting Highlands. Fare RM 35.00. 6 departures per day starting at 09.00 am with the last departure at 08.30 pm

Expansion and developments


KLIA Aeropolis Masterplan

Under the new Kuala Lumpur International Airport Masterplan, a new runway and a new satellite building will be constructed to accommodate the increasing number of passengers. The airport Phase 2 development plan is to handle 40 million (Template:Increase5 Million) passengers per year by 2008 with the expansion of low cost carrier terminal. For phase 3, the airport will expand to handle 75 million (Template:Increase35 million) passengers per annum with the construction of a new satellite terminal and replacement of current low cost carrier terminal with a new low cost carrier terminal that will be capable of handling 30 million passengers alone. Under Phase 4, the airport will be capable to handle 100 million passengers per annum by 2020.

With the slight modification of the masterplan, the future Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be combined into one satellite terminal. The expansion of Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be exactly the same as Terminal 1's satellite terminal, where initially the satellite terminal will have four arms, and another four arms when the terminal reached its capacity. There is sufficient land and capacity to develop facilities to handle up to 100 million passengers a year, five runways by the year 2020 and two mega-terminals, each linked with satellite terminals.<ref name="KLIA Phases"/> The airport's vicinity will include hiking trails for jet-lagged travelers, golf courses, convention center, a theme park, a shopping center, hotels, and a wetlands nature preserve. Sepang International Circuit, which hosts Formula One, A1 Grand Prix, Super GT, IndyCar Series and MotoGP races, is also nearby. There has also been a proposal for a monorail link to the F1 circuit. The development plan is due to be ready by April 2008.<ref name="KLIA Theme Park">Template:Cite web</ref>

In November 2006, the Malaysian government announced that it had approved in principle the construction of a rail link between the main terminal building and the low-cost carrier terminal. Construction was scheduled to begin in 2007. There were however no details of which company would carry out the project, nor was there an indication that it would be directly connected to the existing airport high-speed train Express Rail Link.

Temporary Low Cost Carrier Terminal

Operational Statistics<ref>Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad KLIA Operational Statistics</ref>
Departure lounge with large windows for light and aircraft viewing.
Year Passenger
1998 6,524,405 156,641 64,123
1999 13,172,635 417,068 116,589
2000 14,732,876 510,594 109,925
2001 14,538,831 440,864 113,590
2002 16,398,230 527,124 127,952
2003 17,454,564 586,195 139,590
2004 21,058,572 651,747 164,483
2005 23,213,926 653,654 182,537
2006 24,570,385 677,446 183,869
2007 26,938,970 649,197 193,982
2008 27,529,355 667,495 209,681
2009 29,682,093 601,620 225,251
2010 34,087,636 697,015 244,179
2011 37,704,510 669,849 269,509

With an increasing number of passengers using the 'Low Cost Carrier Terminal '(LCCT), MAHB approved an expansion beginning early 2007 to accommodate more passengers as the current LCCT is nearly at full capacity. The expansion of LCCT also shows the support for launch of Malaysia's first long haul low cost carrier, AirAsia X by making the terminal able to accommodate wide-bodied aircraft that are used by AirAsia X<ref>The Star. Once the expansion of LCCT is completed, it will be able to handle 15 million passengers per annum.Upgrade for LCCT next year. 8 November 2006</ref> However, the Low Cost Carrier Terminal is a temporary solution for budget travellers, MAHB submitted a proposal to the Transport Ministry to build a new, permanent LCC hub in between the main terminal building and satellite building A to replace the present Low Cost Carrier terminal.<ref name="LCC Proposal">Template:Cite web</ref>

The airport operator has announced that the construction works for the extension of LCCT will begin in March 2008 and expected to complete by December 2008. The capacity for the LCCT will increase from 10 million passengers a year to 15 million passengers a year. A proposal for a more permanent building to house a new LCCT has been submitted and expected to have a capacity for 30 million passengers a year. It is also expected that the new LCCT will be completed by April 2012.<ref name="LCCT Extension">Template:Cite web</ref> It is expected that the current LCCT will be converted in to a cargo hub once the new terminal is completed.<ref name="LCCT Proposal">Template:Cite web</ref> The RM124 million LCCT expansion project tender was won by Fajarbaru Builder Group Bhd and construction work is expected to begin March 2008.<ref>Template:Cite news</ref> The new international arrival hall was opened on 15 December 2008 with expectation that the rest of the wing will be fully operational by March 2009.<ref name="New LCCT Wing Open 15 December">Template:Cite news</ref> The international departure hall was finally open on 18 March 2009 which expanded the handling capacity from 600 passengers at one time to 3200 passengers.<ref>Template:Cite news</ref>


Upon completion, klia2 will be the largest low cost carrier terminal in the South East Asia region with a total area of 257,000 square meters. There will be a total of 68 aircraft parking bay with departure gates for each parking bay allowing the new terminal to cater up to 45 million passengers annually. There will also be a third runaway which is located 1.4 km from the second runaway.Template:Cite news

To accommodate the overwhelming increase in passenger traffic at LCCT, limited service hotel chain Tune Hotels.com announced that it is on track to open a 222-room hotel at the terminal in by the first quarter of 2009.<ref>Template:Cite webTemplate:Dead link</ref>

According to news reports, the MYR 2 billion terminal will be funded by the government as a part of the second economic stimulus package. The new terminal will be located 1.5 km from the current main terminal, will have 68 aircraft parking bays and a third runaway which is located 1.5 km from the second runaway. The new terminal is expected to be 242,000 square meter in size, with a retail space of 32,000 square meters. It will be able to accommodate 30 million passenger with provision to expand to 45 million passenger a year. There is also a possibility to include a rail extension for the Express Rail Link. The construction is expected to begin in mid-2009 and finish in Q4 2012. The terminal is slated to commence operations at the end Q1 2013.<ref>KLIA2</ref>

During an announcement to set up virtual hub in Middle East, AirAsia X has cited fear that the new Low-Cost Carrier Terminal might not be ready by 2011 as there is no sign of any construction work or even groundbreaking of the new LCCT. The existing LCCT will not be able to cope as there won't be enough parking bays as AirAsia X is poised to take delivery of 12 more A330 by 2011. If the fear were true, it would be another blow to AirAsia and AirAsia X expansion plans. This comes just days after the Malaysian government denied AirAsia X the rights to fly into Sydney and Seoul.<ref>[1]Template:Dead link</ref><ref>AirAsia X expanding despite flying rights halt</ref>

On 15 July 2010, the was announced that Bina Puri with partner UEM Construction has won the tender to build the terminal for MYR 997.23 million. Construction works is expected to complete within 20 months.<ref>Template:Cite news</ref> The construction site is next to the Main Terminal Building / Bunga Raya Complex. The Express Rail Link will be extended beyond Bunga Raya Complex to the new terminal. Once completed, it will be called KLIA2 to reflect higher standard of design and materials, as opposed to the current LCCT, which will be demolished and revert to a cargo hub.

A380 Upgrades

The operator of Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad, had spent about RM135 million (approx US$39 million) to upgrade facilities at the KL International Airport (KLIA) in Sepang to accommodate the Airbus A380. Upgrading works started on 3 April 2006, and was completed by 28 May 2007. Works include the provision of shoulders on both sides of the two existing runways of 15 meters as well as the taxiways, building additional aerobridges at the three departure halls, namely C17, C27 and C37, and enhancing the mezzanine lounges for upper deck passengers of the aircraft at the departure halls. Emirates operates flights to Kuala Lumpur with the Airbus A380 commenced on 1 January 2012.<ref name="A380 Upgrade">Template:Cite web</ref> Malaysia Airlines also started it's A380 services from Kuala Lumpur to London on 1 July 2012.<ref name="A380 Upgrade">Template:Cite web</ref>

Accidents and incidents

  • In 2001, a Saudia Boeing 747 aircraft suffered nose damage as it entered a monsoon drainage ditch while being taxied from the hangar to the gate before a return flight to Saudi Arabia. None of the six crew members on board at the time were injured.
  • 14 July 2007 – An aerobridge suddenly shifted downwards, damaging the door of a Malaysia Airlines Airbus A330 bound for Beijing. The aerobridge was not occupied at the time, and no passengers or crew were injured.<ref>Aerobridge at KLIA Breakdown</ref>
  • 15 October 2007 – A Palestinian national managed to hide in the landing nose gear of flight SQ119, from KLIA to Changi Airport, Singapore. He was discovered in Singapore as he fell 2.4 meters from the nose wheel after landing. Despite the cold, thin air during flight, the man survived but was apprehended in Singapore. KLIA authorities have yet to find the cause of the security breach.<ref>Red faces over phantom stowawayTemplate:Dead link</ref>
  • 9 April 2008 – Armed robbers shot six people in a three-minute heist and walked away with RM 3.5 million in cash. The incident happened at 7.30 pm at Door 8 when two moneychangers and two security guards walking towards the gate were ambushed by six men from a BMW vehicle. Victims were seriously injured but in stable condition.<ref>Template:Cite news</ref>
  • 9 January 2009 – A small fire broke out in the LCC terminal, shutting down the terminal for two hours and delaying 20 flights. The fire was caused by a welding spark in the construction area of the terminal.<ref>Template:Cite news</ref>
  • 3 March 2011 – 56 flights at the KL International Airport KLIA were delayed after a bomb, believed to be from World War II, was found at the site of the KLIA II construction site.


File:KLIA C-Pier.jpg
Panoramic view of Main Terminal Building and Contact Pier



Further reading

External links

Template:Portal Template:Commons category

Template:Kuala Lumpur International Airport Template:Multimedia Super Corridor Template:Airports in Malaysia

-Template:Link FA Template:Link FA ar:مطار كوالالمبور الدولي bjn:Bandar Udara Antarbangsa Kuala Lumpur da:Kuala Lumpur International Airport de:Flughafen Kuala Lumpur es:Aeropuerto Internacional de Kuala Lumpur fa:فرودگاه بین‌المللی کوالالامپور fr:Aéroport international de Kuala Lumpur ko:쿠알라룸푸르 국제공항 id:Bandar Udara Internasional Kuala Lumpur it:Aeroporto Internazionale di Kuala Lumpur jv:Bandhar Udara Internasional Kuala Lumpur ms:Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur nl:Kuala Lumpur International Airport ja:クアラルンプール国際空港 no:Kuala Lumpur internasjonale lufthavn pl:Port lotniczy Kuala Lumpur pt:Aeroporto Internacional de Kuala Lumpur ru:Куала-Лумпур (аэропорт) su:Bandara Internasional Kuala Lumpur fi:Kuala Lumpurin kansainvälinen lentoasema sv:Kuala Lumpur International Airport ta:கோலாலம்பூர் பன்னாட்டு வானூர்தி நிலையம் th:ท่าอากาศยานนานาชาติกัวลาลัมเปอร์ vi:Sân bay quốc tế Kuala Lumpur zh:吉隆坡国际机场

Personal tools