Legion of Merit

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The Legion of Merit is a military award of the United States Armed Forces that is given for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. The decoration is issued both to United States military personnel and to military and political figures of foreign governments.

The Legion of Merit (Commander degree) is one of only two United States military decorations to be issued as a neck order (the other being the Medal of Honor) and the only United States decoration which may be issued in award degrees (much like an order of chivalry or certain Orders of Merit).<ref name="neckorderLOM">Template:Cite web</ref><ref name="typessecnav">"Types of the Medal of Honor: 1862 To Present." Congressional Medal of Honor Society. Retrieved: July 23, 2006.</ref>

The Legion of Merit is sixth in the order of precedence of U.S. Military awards and is worn after the Defense Superior Service Medal and before the Distinguished Flying Cross. In contemporary use in the U.S. Armed Forces, the Legion of Merit is typically awarded to Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force general officers and colonels, and Navy and Coast Guard flag officers and captains occupying command or very senior staff positions in their respective services. It may also be awarded to officers of lesser rank and senior enlisted personnel, but these instances are less frequent and circumstances vary by service. As such, the medal can be considered as "points" in some enlisted promotion systems, such as the Air Force, where it is counted as seven points (out of a possible 25 points for decorations).<ref>Air Force Personnel Center Legion of Merit</ref>

Contents

Criteria

  • The degrees of Chief Commander, Commander, Officer, and Legionnaire are awarded only to members of armed forces of foreign nations under the criteria outlined in Army Regulation 672-7 and is based on the relative rank or position of the recipient as follows:<ref>578.13 Legion of Merit</ref>
  1. Chief Commander: Head of state or government. However this degree was awarded by President Roosevelt to some Allied World War II theater commanders usually for joint amphibious landings or invasions. (The President had this power under Executive Order 9260 of October 29, 1942 paragraph 3b.<ref>Executive Order 9260 of October 29, 1942 http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/print.php?pid=58838</ref>)
  2. Commander: Equivalent of a U.S. military chief of staff or higher position, but not to a head of state.
  3. Officer: General or flag officer below the equivalent of a U.S. military chief of staff; colonel or equivalent rank for service in assignments equivalent to those normally held by a general or flag officer in U.S. military service; or military attachés.
  4. Legionnaire: All recipients not included above.
  • When the Legion of Merit is awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States it is awarded without reference to degree. The criteria are "for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements"; additional awards of the Legion of Merit are denoted by oak leaf clusters (in the Army and Air Force), and by [[5/16 inch star|Template:Frac inch stars]] (in the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard). The sea services (i.e., the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard) may also authorize the Combat "V" for wear on the Legion of Merit, while the Army and Air Force does not authorize the "V" device.
  • The performance must have been such as to merit recognition of key individuals for service rendered in a clearly exceptional manner.
  • Performance of duties normal to the grade, branch, specialty or assignment, and experience of an individual is not an adequate basis for this award.
  • For service not related to actual war the term "key individual" applies to a narrower range of positions than in time of war and requires evidence of significant achievement.
  • In peacetime, service should be in the nature of a special requirement or of an extremely difficult duty performed in an unprecedented and clearly exceptional manner.
  • However, justification of the award may accrue by virtue of exceptionally meritorious service in a succession of important positions.

The degrees and the design of the decoration were clearly influenced by the French Legion of Honor (Légion d'honneur).

History

Although recommendations for creation of a Meritorious Service Medal were initiated as early as September 1937, no formal action was taken toward approval.

In a letter to the Quartermaster General (QMG) dated December 24, 1941, the Adjutant General formally requested action be initiated to create a Meritorious Service Medal and provide designs in the event the decoration was established. Proposed designs prepared by Bailey, Banks, and Biddle and the Office of the Quartermaster General were provided to Assistant Chief of Staff (G1) (Colonel Heard) by the QMG on January 5, 1942.

The Assistant Chief of Staff (G1) (BG Hilldring), in a response to the QMG on April 3, 1942, indicated the Secretary of War approved the design recommended by the QMG. The design of the Legion of Merit (change of name) would be ready for issue immediately after legislation authorizing it was enacted into law. (A separate Meritorius Service Medal was established in 1969.)

An Act of Congress (Public Law 671—77th Congress, Chapter 508, 2d Session) on July 20, 1942, established the Legion of Merit and provided that the medal "shall have suitable appurtenances and devices and not more than four degrees, and which the President, under such rules and regulations as he shall prescribe, may award to

(a) personnel of the Armed Forces of the United States and of the Government of the Commonwealth Philippines and
(b) personnel of the armed forces of friendly foreign nations who, since the proclamation of an emergency by the President on 1939-09-08, shall have distinguished themselves by exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services."

The medal was announced in War Department Bulletin No. 40, dated August 5, 1942. Executive Order 9260, dated October 29, 1942, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, established the rules for the Legion of Merit and required the President's approval for the award. However, in 1943, at the request of General George C. Marshall, approval authority for U.S. personnel was delegated to the War Department.

Executive Order 10600, dated March 15, 1955, by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, revised approval authority. Current provisions are contained in Title 10, United States Code 1121.

The reverse of the medal has the motto taken from the Great Seal of the United States, "ANNUIT COEPTIS" ("He [God] Has Favored Our Undertakings") and the date "MDCCLXXXII" (1782) which is the date of America's first decoration, the Badge of Military Merit, now known as the Purple Heart. The ribbon design also follows the pattern of the Purple Heart ribbon.

Appearance

Chief Commander Commander Officer Legionnaire
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Ribbon
US Legion of Merit Chief Commander ribbon.png
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  • The Chief Commander Degree of the Legion of Merit Medal is, on a wreath of green laurel joined at the bottom by a gold bow-knot (rosette), a domed five-pointed white star bordered crimson, points reversed with v-shaped extremities tipped with a gold ball. In the center, a blue disk encircled by gold clouds, with 13 white stars arranged in the pattern that appears on the Great Seal of the United States. Between each point, within the wreath are crossed arrows pointing outwards. The overall width is Template:Convert. The words "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" are engraved in the center of the reverse. A miniature of the decoration in gold on a horizontal gold bar is worn on the service ribbon.
  • The Commander Degree of the Legion of Merit Medal is, on a wreath of green laurel joined at the bottom by a gold bow-knot (rosette), a five-pointed white star bordered crimson, points reversed with v-shaped extremities tipped with a gold ball. In the center, a blue disk encircled by gold clouds, with 13 white stars arranged in the pattern that appears on the Great Seal of the United States. Between each star point, within the wreath, are crossed arrows pointing outwards. The overall width is Template:Convert. A gold laurel wreath in the v-shaped angle at the top connects an oval suspension ring to the neck ribbon that is Template:Convert in width. The reverse of the five-pointed star is enameled in white, and the border is crimson. In the center, a disk for engraving the name of the recipient surrounded by the words "ANNUIT COEPTIS MDCCLXXXII." An outer scroll contains the words "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA." A miniature of the decoration in silver on a horizontal silver bar is worn on the service ribbon.
The neck ribbon for the degree of Commander is Template:Convert wide and consists of the following stripes: Template:Convert white 67101; center Template:Convert crimson and Template:Convert white.
  • The Officer Degree of the Legion of Merit Medal is similar to the degree of Commander except the overall width is Template:Convert and the pendant has a suspension ring instead of the wreath for attaching the ribbon. A gold replica of the medal, Template:Convert wide, is centered on the suspension ribbon.
  • The Legionnaire Degree of the Legion of Merit Medal and the Legion of Merit Medal issued to U.S. personnel is the same as the degree of Officer, except the suspension ribbon does not have the medal replica.
The ribbon for all of the decorations is Template:Convert wide and consists of the following stripes: Template:Convert white; center Template:Convert crimson; and Template:Convert white. The reverse of all of the medals has the motto taken from the Great Seal of the United States "ANNUIT COEPTIS" (He (God) Has Favored Our Undertakings) and the date "MDCCLXXXII" (1782), which is the date of America's first decoration, the Badge of Military Merit, now known as the Purple Heart. The ribbon design also follows the pattern of the Purple Heart ribbon.

Notable recipients

Template:See also

Chief Commander

Nationality

<p align="center">Rank <p align="center">Name <p align="center">Force <p align="center">Date <p align="center">Comments
Template:Flag icon Lieutenant-General Kenneth A.N. Anderson, CB, MC British Army June 18, 1943
Template:Flag icon Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek Chinese Armed Forces July 1943
Template:Flag icon Lieutenant-General Tai An-lan Chinese Armed Forces 1943 In command of 200th Division, Chinese Expeditionary Force (Burma). Died in May 26 th, 1942 in Burma.
Template:Flag icon Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, KCB, DSO British Army August 6, 1943
Template:Flag icon Temporary Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur William Tedder, GCB Royal Air Force August 27, 1943
Template:Flag icon Marshal of the Soviet Union Aleksandr Mikhajlovich Vasilevskij Red Army June 22, 1944
Template:Flag icon Chief Marshal Of Aviation Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Novikov Military Air Forces June 22, 1944
Template:Flag icon Rear-Admiral Sir Victor Crutchley VC, KCB, DSC Royal Australian Naval Squadron September 1944 For exceptionally meritorious conduct 1942–44 in command of Task Force 44 in the Pacific.
Template:Flag icon Air Marshal Arthur Travers Harris, OBE, AFC Royal Air Force October 17, 1944 Known as "Bomber" Harris; because of moral qualms, he was the only major British commander not to receive a peerage<ref>Keegan, John The Second World War Penguin Books: 1989, page 433 ISBN 978-0-14-303573-2</ref> after World War II. He instituted "area bombing"<ref>Keegan, John The Second World War Penguin Books: 1989, page 421 ISBN 978-0-14-303573-2</ref> of German cities.
Template:Royal Standard-CAN-1931 King George VI Commonwealth armed forces 1945
Template:Flag icon Air Chief Marshal William Sholto Douglas, GCB, MC, DFC Royal Air Force
Template:Flag icon Admiral of the Fleet Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham Bt, GCB, DSO** Royal Navy First Sea Lord
Template:Flag icon Admiral Sir John Henry Dacres Cunningham KCB Royal Navy For gallant and distinguished service during the invasion operations in Northern Italy and the South of France.
Template:Flag icon Admiral Sir Bertram Home Ramsay KCB, KBE, MVO Royal Navy January 15, 1945 For gallant and distinguished service whilst in command of the invasion operations on Normandy.
Template:Flag icon Acting Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham KCB, DSO, MC, DFC, AFC Royal Air Force
Template:Flag icon Commander-In-Chief Crown Prince 'Abd al-Ilah Iraqi Armed Forces June 1, 1945
Template:Flag icon Vice Admiral Sir Philip Vian KBE, CMG Royal Navy July 17, 1945
Template:Flag icon Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov Red Army 1945
Template:Flag icon Marshal of the Soviet Union Ivan Stepanovich Konev Red Army 1945
Template:Flag icon Marshal of the Soviet Union Leonid Aleksandrovich Govorov Red Army
Template:Flag icon Army General Stanislav Giljarovich Poplavskij Red Army
Template:Flag icon Marshal of the Soviet Union Kirill Afanasievich Meretskov Red Army
Template:Flag icon Marshal of the Soviet Union Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovskij Red Army
Template:Flag icon General Andrey Ivanovich Yeryomenko Red Army
Template:Flag icon King Michael I of Romania Romanian Armed Forces 1945
Template:Flag icon General Charles de Gaulle French Armed Forces August 24, 1945
Template:Flag icon Emperor Haile Selassie Ethiopian Armed Forces 1945
Template:Flag icon Vice Admiral Sir Geoffrey Blake KCB, DSO Royal Navy November 6, 1945
Template:Flag icon Chief of Defence of Norway Crown Prince Olav Norwegian Armed Forces November 23, 1945 "exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from August 1944 to July 1945."
Template:Flag icon Marshal Michał Rola-Żymierski Polish Armed Forces 1945
Template:Flag icon King Abdul Aziz Ibn Abdur Rahman al Faisal Al Saud Saudi Arabian Armed Forces February 18, 1947
Template:Flag icon President Miguel Alemán Valdés Mexican Armed Forces May 1, 1947
Template:Flag icon Shah Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi Iranian Armed Forces October 7, 1947
Template:Flag icon General Dragoljub Mihailović Yugoslav Royal Army March 29, 1948 "General Mihailovich and his forces, although lacking adequate supplies, and fighting under extreme hardships, contributed materially to the allied cause, and were instrumental in obtaining a final Allied Victory." Recommended by Dwight D. Eisenhower. The award was kept secret until 1966.
Template:Flag icon Field Marshal Sir William Slim, GBE, KCB, DSO, MC, ADC British Army 1948
Template:Flag icon Prime Minister The Rt Hon Sir Robert Menzies, KT, AK, CH, QC Australian Armed Forces
Template:Flag icon Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa Indian Army 1950
Template:Flag icon King Paul I Greek Armed Forces October 28, 1953
Template:Flag icon President Celâl Bayar Turkish Armed Forces January 27, 1954
Template:Flag icon Field Marshal Luang Plaek Pibulsonggram Thai Royal Army May 2, 1955
Template:Flag icon General Satyawant Mallana Srinagesh Indian Army 1955 <ref name=gb-sci/>
Template:Flag icon King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) Thai Armed Forces June 28, 1960
Template:Flag icon General Kim Yong-Bae Republic Of Korea Army February 14, 1968 For service April 1965 to March 1966. The initial award of Commander degree was revoked and replaced with Chief Commander.
Template:Flag icon Minister of National Defense Kim Sung-Eun Republic Of Korea December 9, 1968 For service March 1963 to June 1966.
Template:Flag icon Admiral Jal Cursetji Indian Navy 1978 <ref name=gb-aow>Template:Cite book</ref>
Template:Flag icon President Kenan Evren Turkish Armed Forces June 27, 1988
Template:Flag icon General Wolfgang Schneiderhan Bundeswehr
Template:Flag icon General Hilmi Özkök Turkish Armed Forces 2002
Template:Flag icon Admiral Shahid Karimullah Pakistan Navy July 21, 2004 For his steadfast support of American-Pakistan cooperation in regional maritime, security affairs, demonstrated superb resolve and unwavering dedication to the Global War on terrorism
Template:Flag icon Admiral Afzal Tahir Pakistan Navy January 23, 2006 Legion of Merit in recognition of his efforts in conducting maritime security operations and strengthening of cooperation between the two navies in the 5th Fleet area of responsibility.
Template:Flag icon Admiral Mohammad Anwar Mohammad Nor Malaysian Armed Forces
Template:Flag icon General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani Pakistani Army January 1, 2009
Template:Flag icon General Babaker Shawkat B. Zebari Iraqi Army January 7, 2010
Template:Flag icon Admiral Noman Bashir Pakistan Navy March 18, 2010 For distinguished service and strengthening American-Pakistani relations. Also, for his role in establishing and strengthening the Pakistan Navy and U.S. Navy relations in Arabian sea.

Commander

<p align="center">Nationality <p align="center">Rank <p align="center">Name <p align="center">Force <p align="center">Date <p align="center">Comments
Template:Flag icon Brigadier General Alexandre Zacharias de Assumpção Brazilian Army 1942 General of Brigade Alexandre Zacharias de Assumpcao, Brazilian Army, was cited for service as Commanding General of the 8th Military Region, Brazil. The 8th Military Region was headquartered in Belem, which was a major support base for US aircraft transiting to North Africa and the Mediterranean. The Army made 31 awards of the Legion of Merit, commander grade, to Brazilian officers during World War II.
Template:Flag icon Brigadier General Amaro Soares Bittencourt Brazilian Army 1942 First recipient of this medal in any degree.
Template:Flag icon Rear Admiral Harold Farncomb, CB, DSO, MVO, RAN Royal Australian Navy 1942 Commanded various International military units.
Template:Flag icon Wing Commander Guy Penrose Gibson, VC, DSO & Bar, DFC & Bar Royal Air Force December 3, 1943<ref>Template:London Gazette</ref> WWII leader of the Dams raid (Operation Chastise) in 1943.
Template:Flag icon Brigadier General Paul Devinck French Army 1943
Template:Flag icon Lieutenant General Louis Koeltz French Army 1943 Commander of XIXth Army Corps
Template:Flag icon Brigadier General François Le Clercq French Army 1943
Template:Flag icon Lieutenant General Władysław Anders 2nd Polish Corps August 1, 1944
Template:Flag icon Major General Paul Bergeron French Army 1944
Template:Flag icon General Etienne Beynet French Army 1944 Head of the French Military Mission to Washington
Template:Flag icon General Georges Catroux French Army 1944 Governor General of French Algeria
Template:Flag icon General (later maréchal de France) Jean de Lattre de Tassigny French Army 1944 Commander of the French Forces in Italy
Template:Flag icon Lieutenant General Henry Martin French Army 1944 Commander of the French Forces in Corsica
Template:Flag icon Brigadier General Louis Rivet French Army 1944 Former Head of French Military Intelligence
Template:Flag icon Air Marshal Sir Francis John Linnell KBE, CB Royal Air Force January 30, 1945<ref>Template:London Gazette</ref> Deputy Commander-in-Chief (RAF MED ME) Mediterranean Allied Air Forces, 29 February 1944 - 29 June 1944. Awarded posthumously by Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Template:Flag icon Admiral Sir Gerald Charles Dickens KCVO, CB, CMG Royal Navy 1945 WWII Commander
Template:Flag icon Air Commodore Andrew James Wray Geddes DSO, OBE Royal Air Force 1945 Responsible for the planning of Operations Manna and Chowhound
Template:Flag icon Lieutenant General Sir Bernard Cyril Freyberg, VC, KCB, KBE, CMG, DSO 2nd New Zealand Division, New Zealand Military Forces August 2, 1945
Template:Flag icon Major General William Henry Evered Poole, CB, CBE, DSO 6th South African Armored Division Unit is part of the 5th US Army during the Italian Campaign in World War II
Template:Flag icon Major General Georges Vanier 1946 Canadian representative to the United Nations and Ambassador to France, later Governor General of Canada.
Template:Flag icon Rear Admiral Leonard W. Murray Canadian Northwest Atlantic 1946 Architect of the Battle of the Atlantic.
Template:Flag icon Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Rodney Park Royal Air Force June 27, 1947 WWII commander during the Battle of Britain and later Allied Air Commander South East Asia
Template:Flag icon General Rajendrasinhji Jadeja Indian Army 1946 <ref name=gb-sci>Template:Cite book</ref>|
Template:Flag icon General Alfredo M. Santos Armed Forces of the Philippines
Template:Flag icon Lieutenant-General Stefan Grot-Rowecki Polish Armed Forces (Armia Krajowa) August 9, 1984 Awarded by Ronald Reagan posthumously forty years and one week after his death at the hands of the Gestapo.
Template:Flag icon General Fidel Ramos Armed Forces of the Philippines 1990
Template:Flag icon Brigadier General Abdul Muneem Mansur Ahmed Bangladesh Army January 16, 1991 The first Bangladeshi General to receive this award for his outstanding service as the Defense Attache in the Bangladesh Embassy, United States.
Template:Flag icon Lieutenant General (later General) Michel Roquejeoffre French Army July 14, 1991
Template:Flag icon General Sir Peter de la Billière KCB, KBE, DSO, MC & bar British Forces to the Middle East during Gulf War I July 14, 1991
Template:Flag icon General Ehud Barak Israeli Defense Forces 1992 Later became Israeli Prime Minister from 1999 to 2001
Template:Flag icon Teniente General Martín Balza Argentine Army 1994 Chief of Argentine Armed Forces 1991 to 1999
Template:Flag icon General Alfred John Gardyne Drummond de Chastelain, OC, CMM, CH, CD Canadian Forces 1995 In 1999, he was made a Companion of Honour by Queen Elizabeth II. He is the former Chief of the Defence Staff (Canada) for the Canadian Forces and he is the Chairman of the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning since November 1995 for the Northern Ireland Peace Process.
Template:Flag icon General I.M. Elias Nino Herrera Colombian Marine Corps For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding service as Commandant of the Colombian Marine Corps. General Nino's cooperation and understanding have been a significant contribution to the mutual friendship between Colombia and the United States.
Template:Flag icon General Michael John Dawson Walker, Baron Walker of Aldringham GCB, CMG, CBE, ADC, DL Implementation Force in Bosnia May 13, 1997<ref>Template:London Gazette</ref> Former Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) in the United Kingdom
Template:Flag icon General de Ejército
(General of the Army)
Paco Moncayo Ecuadorian Armed Forces January, 1998 For of his exceptionally superior performance as Chief of the Armed Forces Joint Command and his contribution to Ecuadorian history, politics and democracy.
Template:Flag icon Vice Admiral Donald Chalmers, AO, RAN Royal Australian Navy 1998<ref>Defence Honours Tribunal</ref> Chief of Navy
Template:Flag icon General Sir Phillip Bennett, AC, KBE, DSO, KStJ
John Baker, AC, DSM
Peter Cosgrove, AC, MC
Australian Defence Force Chiefs of the Defence Force
Template:Flag icon General Adolf Heusinger
Klaus Naumann
Wolfgang Schneiderhan
Bundeswehr
Template:Flag icon General Edgard de Larminat
Alain de Boissieu
Vincent Desportes
Jean-Louis Georgelin
Template:Flag icon Vice Admiral David Shackleton, AO, RAN
Royal Australian Navy 2001 Chief of Navy
Template:Flag icon Vice Admiral Chris Ritchie, AO, RAN Royal Australian Navy Chief of Navy
Template:Flag icon Major General Yedidiya Ya'ari
Israeli Navy December 2003<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> Commander in Chief, Israel Navy
Template:Flag icon Lieutenant General Charles Bouchard Deputy Commander NORAD 2004 Commander of NATO forces enforcing "No Fly Zone" Libya 2011
Template:Flag icon General Yoshimitsu Tsumagari Japan Air Self-Defense Force October 19, 2004 Chief of Staff, Air Self Defense Force
Template:Flag icon Lieutenant General Peter Leahy, AC
Ken Gillespie, AC, DSC, CSM
Australian Army 2004
2009
Chief of Army
Template:Flag icon Lieutenant General Hasan Mashhud Chowdhury Bangladesh Army 2005 Former Chief of Army Staff (Bangladesh)
Template:Flag icon Commander-in-Chief Mehmet Yaşar Büyükanıt Turkish Armed Forces December 12, 2005
Template:Flag icon Admiral Giampaolo Di Paola Italian Navy Incumbent Minister of Defence in the Monti Cabinet
Template:Flag icon General Tadashi Yoshida Japan Air Self-Defense Force October 24, 2006 Chief of Staff, Air Self Defense Force
Template:Flag icon Admiral of the Fleet Vladimir Vasilyevich Masorin Russian Navy August 24, 2007 The first Russian recipient for meritorious conduct of the Russian Federation Navy to increase cooperation and interoperability with the U.S. Navy and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization from September 2005 – August 2007.
Template:Flag icon General Ryoichi Oriki Ground Self-Defense Force October 1, 2007 Chief of Staff
Template:Flag icon General Franciszek Gągor Polish Armed Forces May 22, 2008 For exceptionally meritorious service as the Chief of Staff of the Polish Armed Forces from February 2006 to May 2008.
Template:Flag icon General Gabi Ashkenazi Israeli Defence Forces July 24, 2008
Template:Flag icon General Toshio Tamogami Air Self-Defense Force August 19, 2008 <ref name="Legion of Merit">Template:Cite news</ref>
Template:Flag icon Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces Sverker Göranson Swedish Armed Forces 2010 For dedication and professionalism as supreme commander led the continuing transformation of the Swedish Armed Forces and the Swedish international operations.
Template:Flag icon General Kenichiro Hokazono Japan Air Self-Defense Force January 22, 2010 Chief of Staff, Air Self Defense Force
Template:Flag icon Major General Milinda Peiris RWP, RSP, USP Sri Lanka Army For service as Military attaché to the Sri Lankan Embassy in the United States
Template:Flag icon Vice Admiral Russ Crane, AO, CSM, RAN Royal Australian Navy Chief of Navy
Template:Flag icon General Yoshifumi Hibako Ground Self-Defense Force June 8, 2011 Chief of Staff
Template:Flag icon General Edmund Entacher Austrian Armed Forces November 22, 2011<ref name=Entacher>Template:Cite web</ref> Chief of Staff
Template:Flag icon Major General Ido Nehoshtan
Israeli Air Force 15 April 2012<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> Chief of IAF
Template:Flag icon General Ants Laaneots Estonian Defence Forces July 4, 2012 Former Commander-in-Chief
Template:Flag icon Lieutenant General David Morrison, AO Australian Army 2012 Chief of Army
Template:Flag icon General David Hurley, AC, DSC Australian Army 2012 Chief of the Defence Force

Officer

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Ehud Barak, later Prime Minister of Israel, with the Legion of Merit in 1993
  • At the beginning of the North African campaign, General Lyman L. Lemnitzer accompanied General Mark Wayne Clark by submarine to North Africa. Upon arrival, about 60 officers were awarded the Legion of Merit and were among the first awarded the medal. By some misunderstanding as to the rules governing the awards, these 60 American officers were awarded the degree of Officer. According to Lemnitzer, President Roosevelt was quite annoyed but did not rescind the awards. These were the only U.S. officers (or service personnel of any rank) awarded the Legion of Merit with a degree.
  • Group Captain Harry Day, senior Officer at numerous POW camps during World War II, and significantly helped American POWs endure the captivity, as well as organizing escape operations. He received the award on July 5, 1946.
  • In 1946, Commodore Alfred Victor Knight of the Royal Australian Navy was awarded the commendation for honorary services. The citation described him as a `forceful leader’ who, by his `splendid co-operation in the conduct of a vital training programme, aggressive determination and untiring energies ... contributed materially to combined large-scale operations’.
  • In 1947, Colonel Valentine Patrick Terrel Vivian head of counter-espionage, Section V, and Vice-Chief of the S.I.S. or MI6. The citation reads, as deputy director of a special British agency in the European Theater of Operations from January 1943 to June 1945, rendered exceptionally devoted and meritorious service to the Allied armies, by American forces in a special province of military operations, and continuing it through the long period of preparation for the Normandy invasion and during the march into Germany, Colonel Vivian made an outstanding contribution to Allied military and to the enemy's defeat.<ref>The National Archives. Template:Cite web</ref><ref>Template:London Gazette</ref>
  • In 1948, then Brigadier General John Frederick Boyce Combe was made an Officer of the Legion for his contribution "to the over-all success Allied forces in Italy" during World War II.
  • In 1948, Air Chief Marshal Donald Perera VSV, USP Sri Lanka Air Force<ref>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajendrasinhji_Jadeja</ref>
  • In 1952, then Commander Emilio S. Liwanag of the Philippine Navy was made an Officer of the Legion of Merit. His award was conferred by Major General Blackshear M. Bryan, deputy chief of staff, HQ Far East Command, for services in the Philippine liaison office with the United Nations Command during the Korean War.
  • In 1960 Major General Mian Hayaud Din was made an Officer of the Legion for his role as Chief of the Pakistan Military Mission to the United States from 1955 to 1960.
  • In 1996, Lieutenant General Roméo Dallaire of the Canadian Army was made an Officer of the Legion for his role as Commander of the United Nations peacekeeping force in Rwanda during the civil war and subsequent genocide.
  • In 1990, Colonel Stanisław Wożniak from Poland was made an Officer of the Legion of Merit for his exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Glenn Alden Leister. Army. 2 Awards for rewriting of Airman’s Information Manual and Standard Instrument Departure Procedures and a second Legion of Merit for developing procedures used in air traffic control, flight advisory and flight assistance to users of national airspace.
  • In 2006, Lieutenant General Nick Houghton, British army, "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during coalition operations in Iraq."<ref name="LG 15 December 2006">Template:London Gazette</ref>
  • Lieutenant General Tariq Khan became the fourth Pakistani officer to receive the award for meritorious services as a liaison officer at CENTCOM during Operations Enduring Freedom (December 9, 2007).
  • In 2008, Air Chief Marshal Sir Glenn Torpy Head of the Royal Air Force, for his part in Operation Telic / Operation Iraqi Freedom.
  • Lieutenant General Sir James Dutton, Royal Marines, "in recognition of meritorious, gallant and distinguished services during coalition operations in Afghanistan".<ref>Template:London Gazette</ref>
  • Major General Colin Boag, British Army, "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during coalition operations in Iraq" (March 2008).<ref>Template:London Gazette</ref>
  • Lieutenant General James Bucknall, British Army, "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during coalition operations in Iraq" (July 2009).<ref>Template:London Gazette</ref>

Legionnaire

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When the Legion of Merit is awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States it is awarded without reference to degree.

References

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External links

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Template:US interservice decorationsbe:Ордэн «Легіён пашаны» bg:Легион за заслуги ca:Legió del Mèrit da:Legion of Merit de:Legion of Merit es:Legión al Mérito eo:Legion of Merit fr:Legion of Merit it:Legion of Merit he:לגיון ההצטיינות hu:Legion of Merit nl:Legioen van Verdienste (Verenigde Staten) ja:レジオン・オブ・メリット no:Legion of Merit pl:Legion of Merit pt:Legion of Merit ro:Legion of Merit ru:Орден «Легион почёта» sl:Legija za zasluge sr:Легија за заслуге sh:Legija za zasluge sv:Legion of Merit

uk:Легіон Заслуг (США)

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